The theory of evolution is at another complete loss to explain the emergence of plants, just as it in with its claims regarding human and animal evolution. Not a single fossil indicates that one plant species was the forerunner of another or else constituted an intermediate form between two species. A great many plant fossils have been unearthed to date, and all share one particular feature: They all are flawless and bear an identical resemblance to their counterparts today.

For example, algae—which evolutionists describe as primitive cells and claim to be the ancestors of all “higher” plants—are known to be have been the same billions of years ago, just as they are today.

It is also impossible to account for the emergence of the photosynthesis produced by plants in terms of chance. Photosynthesis, which we are unable to duplicate even using modern technology, has been successfully achieved even by algae that evolutionists regard as the most “primitive” of plants, for billions of years. All these are signs that botany disproves evolution and corroborates creation.

As always, however, evolutionists cannot avoid from admitting this manifest reality:

Richard B. Goldschmidt is a German-born U.S. zoologist and geneticist:

The evolution of the animal and plant worlds is considered by all those entitled to judgment to be a fact for which no further proof is needed. But in spite of nearly a century of work and discussion there is still no unanimity in regard to the details of the means of evolution. 328

Chester Arthur Arnold is Professor Emeritus of Botany in The University of Michigan:

As yet we have not been able to trace the phylogenetic history of a single group of modern plants from its beginning to the present. 329

It has long been hoped that extinct plants will ultimately reveal some of the stages through which existing groups have passed during the course of their development, but it must be freely admitted that this aspiration has been fulfilled to a very slight extent, even though paleobotanical research has been in progress for more than one hundred years. 330


Prof. Dr. Ali Demirsoy

[W]e have not been able to track the phylogenetic history of a single group of modern plants from its beginning to the present. 331

Not only are plant evolutionists at a loss to explain the seemingly abrupt rise of the flowering plants to a place of dominance, but their origin is likewise a mystery. 332

Dr. Edred Corner is Professor of Botany at Cambridge University:

I still think that, to the unprejudiced, the fossil record of plants is in favour of special creation. If, however, another explanation could be found for this hierarchy of classification, it would be the knell of the theory of evolution. Can you imagine how an orchid, a duckweed, and a palm have come from the same ancestry, and have we any evidence for this assumption? The evolutionist must be prepared with an answer, but I think that most would break down before an inquisition. 333

Edmund J. Ambrose, is Professor Emeritus at the University of London and head department of Cell Biology at the Chester Beatty Research Institute University of London:

At the present stage of geological research, we have to admit that there is nothing in the geological records that runs contrary to the view of conservative creationists, that God created each species separately. . . .334

From Science News:

Both blue-green algae and bacteria fossils dating back 3.4 billion years have been found in rocks from South Africa. Even more intriguing, the pleurocapsalean algae turned out to be almost identical to modern pleurocapsalean algae at the family and possibly at the generic level. 335

Prof. Ali Demirsoy:

Photosynthesis is a rather complicated event, and it seems impossible for it to emergein an organelle inside a cell, because it is impossible for all the stages to have come about at once. And it is meaningless for them to have emerged separately. 336


1 This 180-million-year-old plant, dating back to the Jurassic Period, has a structure identical to that of similar plants existing today.

2 This 300-million-year-old Carboniferous Period horsetail is identical to similar specimens living today.

3 This 140-million-year-old fossil belonging to the species Archaefructus is the oldest known angiosperm (flowered plant). It is no different to similar plants living today and, its flowers and fruit possess a flawless structure.

Hoimar Von Ditfurth:

No cell possesses the means of “learning” a biological process in the literal sense of the word. A cell is not in a position to perform a function such as respiration or photosynthesis during birth, and it is impossible for it to come by the ability to enable this process, to overcome this during the course of its later life. 337

Daniel Axelrod is Professor of Geology and Botany at the University of California:

The ancestral group that gave rise to angiosperms has not yet been identified in the fossil record, and no living angiosperm points to such an ancestral alliance. 338

N. F. Hughes is an author on Paleobiology and Paleobotany:

With few exceptions of detail, however, the failure to find a satisfactory explanationhas persisted, and many botanists have concluded that the problem is not capable of solution, by use of fossil evidence. 339

328 Richard Goldschmidt, “Evolution, as Viewed by One Geneticist,” American Scientist, Vol. 409, January 1952, p. 84.
329 Chester A. Arnold, An Introduction to Paleobotany, New York: Mc Graw-Hill, 1947, p. 7.
330 Ibid.
331 Ibid., p. 334.
332 Ibid.
333 Dr. Eldred Corner, Evolution in Contemporary Botanical Thought, Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1961, p. 97.
334 Edmund J. Ambrose, The Nature and Origin of the Biological World, John Wiley & Sons, 1982, p. 164.
335 “Ancient Alga Fossil Most Complex Yet,” Science News, Vol. 108, September 20 1975, p. 181.
336 Prof. Dr. Ali Demirsoy, Kalitim ve Evrim [“Inheritance and Evolution”], p. 8.
337 Hoimar Von Ditfurth, Dinozorların Sessiz Gecesi 2 [“The Silent Night of the Dinosaurs 2”], pp. 60-61.
338 Daniel Axelrod, “The Evolution of Flowering Plants,” in The Evolution Life, 1959, pp. 264-274.
339 N. F. Hughes, Paleology of Angiosperm Origins: Problems of Mesozoic Seed-Plant Evolution, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, , 1976, pp. 1-2.


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